Qi Li — Penn State Meteorology and Atmospheric Science


Qi LiSummary:

Mesoscale local weather fashions supply indispensable gear to know land-atmosphere interactions over city areas. Then again, uncertainties in city cover parameters (UCPs) and parameterization schemes result in degraded illustration of the drag impact in advanced constructed terrains. Particularly, for the generally carried out single-layer city cover style (SLUCM) coupled with the Climate Analysis and Forecasting (WRF) style, near-surface horizontal wind velocity is understood to be overvalued systematically. On this find out about, idealized huge eddy simulations (LES) and WRF-SLUCM simulations are performed to check the separate impact of UCPs and aerodynamic parameterization on atmospheric boundary layer processes and rainfall variabilities in Phoenix, Arizona. For LES that explicitly resolves floor geometry, vital variations between 3-dimensional (three-D) as opposed to two-dimensional (2D) illustration of city morphology are discovered within the floor layer and above. When floor drag is parameterized following SLUCM, floor morphologies have little affects at the imply momentum switch. WRF-SLUCM simulation effects, included with three-D city morphology knowledge, point out that merely refining the frontal space index will scale back the outside drag, which additional amplifies the systematic sure bias of SLUCM in predicting horizontal wind velocity. Changing the drag parameterization in SLUCM by way of LES-based aerodynamic parameters has obvious affects on near-surface wind velocity. The have an effect on of city roughness illustration turns into essentially the most obvious all over rainfall sessions, because of the vital function of floor drag in dictating moisture convergence. Our find out about underlines that with the exception of in depth efforts in acquiring detailed UCPs, it is usually vital to give a boost to the city momentum trade parameterization schemes.



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