The Famine Early Warning Methods Community (FEWS NET) screens tendencies in staple meals costs in nations susceptible to meals insecurity. For every FEWS NET nation and area, the Worth Bulletin supplies a set of charts displaying month-to-month costs within the present advertising and marketing yr in chosen city facilities and permitting customers to check present tendencies with each five-year common costs, indicative of seasonal tendencies, and costs within the earlier yr. To study extra about markets in Southern Africa, seek the advice of the FEWS NET Regional Maize Market Fundamentals Abstract Report.
Maize is the only most vital cereal crop in Southern Africa, accounting for nearly 70% of whole cereal manufacturing within the area. Most households in Southern Africa rely on maize (grain and meal/flour) for his or her predominant supply of meals and power, with tubers (cassava), rice, wheat, sorghum, and millet serving as the principle substitutes. Madagascar is the exception, the place rice (imported and native) is the principle staple meals consumed throughout the nation, with cassava and maize serving as key substitutes. Cassava just isn’t traded in vital portions throughout Southern Africa, whereas beans are an import protein supply with annual consumption ranging between 2 – 8 kg on a per capita foundation. Each white and yellow maize are produced within the area, however South Africa is the one nation the place yellow maize is grown in vital portions, and it’s primarily livestock used as livestock feed. South Africa can also be the area’s main producer of maize and is a significant exporter to worldwide markets. In years of relative maize surplus, sizable quantities of each formal and casual cross border commerce happens between neighboring nations. Maize commerce flows within the area largely replicate commerce in white maize. For many of Southern Africa, wheat grain is imported, milled, and consumed primarily within the type of bread. Whereas South Africa produces substantial quantities of wheat, it’s in portions which might be inadequate to satisfy home necessities.