The Famine Early Warning Methods Community (FEWS NET) displays developments in staple meals costs in nations weak to meals insecurity. For every FEWS NET nation and area, the Worth Bulletin supplies a set of charts displaying month-to-month costs within the present advertising 12 months in chosen city facilities and permitting customers to check present developments with each five-year common costs, indicative of seasonal developments, and costs within the earlier 12 months.
The primary staple meals produced and consumed all through most of Central America and the Caribbean are maize, rice, and beans; the latter constituting a key supply of protein for poor households. In Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua white maize, largely consumed within the type of tortillas, and pink or black beans are most well-liked, whereas in Costa Rica and Panama rice dominates in manufacturing and consumption. In Haiti, the first staples are rice, black beans, and maize.
In Central America, there are sometimes two essential rising seasons: the Primera (April-September) throughout which maize is primarily produced, and the Postrera (August-December) throughout which bean manufacturing dominates. The Apante season (November-March) is a 3rd rising season throughout which beans are produced in south-central Nicaragua, northern Guatemala, and northern Honduras. In Haiti, there are a number of rising seasons. Maize is produced in the course of the Primavera season (April-September). Black beans are produced over two seasons in Haiti’s humid and mountainous areas. The primary season spans from March to Could and the second from July to October. Beans are additionally produced within the nation’s irrigated and humid mountainous areas throughout a 3rd, fall season from December to January.
White maize and beans are generally traded between Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica in Central America. The market in San Salvador in El Salvador is taken into account a very powerful regional marketplace for these staple meals and is nicely built-in with the remainder of the area; because of the excessive ranges of economic change it hosts each with regional and worldwide markets. Different necessary commerce hubs embody Guatemala Metropolis (Guatemala), San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa (Honduras), Chontales and Managua (Nicaragua), San Jose (Costa Rica) and Panama Metropolis (Panama). The Dominican Republic is Haiti’s essential supply for imported maize, beans, and tubers. Haiti depends closely on the US for rice imports, for about 80 % of consumption wants.