Basic Research of GNFC – Financials, Key Metrics & Extra


Basic Research of GNFC: The new ‘China Plus One’ technique benefitted production firms throughout more than one industries. Chemical substances are one such sector that noticed sharp quantity expansion as firms all over the world diverse their sourcing. Upper gross sales and earnings modified the fortunes of many suffering companies. On this article, we will behavior a elementary research of GNFC or Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemical substances, one such turnaround fertilizers and chemical compounds inventory.

Basic Research of GNFC

On this article, we will carry out a elementary research of GNFC or Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemical substances. We’ll get started by way of getting ourselves conversant in the historical past and industry of the corporate, adopted by way of an business assessment. Later, a couple of sections are dedicated to income expansion, go back ratios, and debt research. A spotlight of the long run plans and a abstract conclude the item on the finish.

Corporate Review

Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemical substances (GNFC) used to be integrated in 1976 as a joint sector endeavor between the Executive of Gujarat and the Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemical substances (GSFC). At the moment, the full promoter shareholding stands at 41.18% with the Gujarat Government. and GSFC proudly owning 21.38% and 19.80% stakes respectively.

The corporate is concerned within the production and promoting of fertilizers and chemical compounds. One of the vital leaders within the agrochemicals business, it produces fertilizers corresponding to Urea and Nitrophosphate. 

As for its chemical compounds department, the corporate has arrange chemical and petrochemical amenities for Methanol, Formic Acid, Nitric Acid, and Acetic Acid. Those chemical compounds in finding their makes use of throughout rubber, textiles, tanneries, and pharmaceutical industries.

Moreover, GNFC is engaged within the buying and selling of fertilizers together with Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP), Muriate of Potash (MOP), Unmarried Tremendous Phosphate (SSP), and Town Compost. 

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It additionally supplies QC laboratory products and services for business trying out of chemical compounds of quite a lot of sorts. Along with this, its data generation subsidiary supplies information middle control, DSCs, e-procurement, IP-based video surveillance, and extra such products and services. Then again, the contribution of those divisions to the full source of revenue of the corporate is somewhat low.

Speaking concerning the income segments, chemical compounds are the biggest phase, accounting for 70% of the full revenues in FY22. That is adopted by way of a 29% percentage of fertilizers.

Having examine GNFC, allow us to transfer forward to grasp concerning the agrochemicals sector and chemical compounds sector intimately, the 2 key industries by which it operates.  

Trade Review

Taking ahead our elementary research of GNFC, we get ourselves conversant in the agrochemicals and chemical compounds industries on this phase.

Fertilizers Trade

India is the second-largest shopper and the third-largest manufacturer of fertilizers on this planet. Home manufacturing of fertilizers is handiest ready to satisfy two-thirds call for of the rustic. Overall home manufacturing for the hot fiscal yr stood at 43.6 million tonnes (MT). The steadiness of 17.8 MT used to be imported.

During the last yr, home manufacturing reduced rather by way of 2 MT led by way of NP/NPCs.

On the similar time, 2021-22 used to be a difficult yr for the business globally. The price of uncooked fabrics rose sharply. Because of this, the corporations larger the costs of fertilizers.

You could be realizing already that fertilizer is a sponsored commodity in India for farmers. The federal government took the brunt of upper costs by way of offering extra subsidies to Indian farmers. The once a year subsidy invoice is anticipated to the touch Rs. 2.15 lakh crore this yr.

As for the business expansion possibilities, the Indian fertilizer marketplace is anticipated to sign up a CAGR of eleven.9% all through 2022-2027 in step with the knowledge from Mordor Intelligence. 

Chemical Trade

India’s chemical business is the 6th biggest on this planet as in keeping with gross sales quantity. The field employs over 2 million other people generating over 80,00 forms of chemical compounds and petrochemicals annually.

Sectors corresponding to meals & beverage, textile, leather-based, steel extraction & processing, petroleum refining, rubber, and prescribed drugs are the foremost shoppers of chemical merchandise.

The field grew at a CAGR of seven% from FY10 to FY15. After that, the expansion bogged down to five% between FY16 and FY20. The business registered a degrowth of five.34% to $ 177 billion in FY21 because of decrease call for and supply-chain disruption.

As for the long run expansion possibilities, the field is projected to develop at a CAGR of 9.3% annually to the touch $ 304 billion in price by way of 2025.

GNFC – Financials

Earnings & Web Benefit Expansion

The revenues of GNFC have been on a gradual decline since FY 2017-18. In FY21, it clocked working income of Rs 5,129 crore, down from Rs 5,917 in FY18. There used to be a identical decline in internet earnings, however it used to be offset by way of margin enlargement in FY18.

Then again, working source of revenue climbed 68.49% to Rs 8,642 crore in FY22. The upward thrust in internet benefit used to be a lot sharper with 147% to Rs 1,704 crore, aided by way of margin enlargement and better volumes.

This variation within the fortunes of GNFC comes at the again of the growth within the chemical compounds business as a result of the ‘China Plus One technique followed by way of many firms. As an example, source of revenue grew by way of Rs 4,492. The chemical compounds phase grew by way of a whopping 83% or Rs 2,741 crore in opposition to the 43% or Rs 757 crore expansion of the fertilizers department. 

The desk under gifts the working revenues and internet benefit of GNFC for the final 5 years.

12 months Running Earnings (Rs Cr) Web Benefit (Rs Cr)
2022 8,642 1,704
2021 5,129 689
2020 5,162 499
2019 5,896 741
2018 5,917 789

We noticed how the chemical compounds department has aided the turnaround of the corporate. Within the subsequent phase of our elementary research of GNFC, we’ll see how the benefit margins have behaved through the years.

Margins: Running Benefit & Web Benefit

The working benefit margin (OPM) and internet benefit margin (NPM) of the Gujarat-based corporate expanded in FY22. The OPM and NPM reached their highs of 26.63% and 19.71% respectively.

The desk under highlights the restoration within the benefit margins of GNFC over the former 5 monetary years.

12 months(FY) OPM (%) NPM (%)
2022 28 19.71
2021 20 13.44
2020 10 9.66
2019 15 12.57
2018 24 13.34

We will notice how upper realisations and quantity expansion helped the corporate to submit broader margins and due to this fact 1.5x expansion within the internet benefit. Within the subsequent phase, we learn concerning the impact of upper profitability at the go back ratios.

Go back Ratios: RoCE & RoE

Following the go well with of the base line and topline expansion, the go back ratios of GNFC advanced considerably within the fresh fiscal. The go back on fairness (RoE) and the go back on capital hired (RoCE) touched their highs of 24.24% and 32.74% respectively.

The figures under spotlight the go back ratios of the corporate over the past 5 years.

12 months RoE (%) RoCE (%)
2022 24.24 32.74
2021 12.13 15.84
2020 9.63 7.53
2019 15.47 16.36
2018 18.86 23.73

Within the information above, we will be able to realize a disparity in RoE and RoCE with the previous being lesser than the latter. The adaptation means that GNFC has nil or low monetary leverage. Learn forward to determine extra about this. 

Debt to Fairness & Hobby Carrier Protection

GNFC has in large part been a debt-free inventory with nearly nil debt ranges. The control additional paid again the borrowings in FY21. 

For the monetary yr finishing FY 2021-22, GNFC reported a debt-to-equity ratio of 0 and an curiosity carrier protection ratio of a whopping 665 at the again of very low-interest fees. 

The desk under highlights the debt-to-equity ratio and curiosity carrier protection ratio of GNFC for the previous few years.

12 months Debt to Fairness Hobby Carrier Protection
2022 0.00 665
2021 0.00 49
2020 0.16 82
2019 0.04 129
2018 0.07 13

GNFC – Key Metrics

We at the moment are nearly on the finish of our elementary research of GNFC. Allow us to take a handy guide a rough take a look at the important thing metrics of the inventory.

CMP ₹594 Marketplace Cap (Cr.) ₹9,250
EPS ₹128 Inventory P/E 4.6
RoCE 32.74% RoE 24.24%
Face Worth ₹10.00 E-book Worth ₹552
Promoter Conserving 41.2% Worth to E-book Worth 1.09
Debt to Fairness 0.00 Dividend Yield 1.67%
Web Benefit Margin 19.71% Running Benefit Margin 28%

In Conclusion

We at the moment are on the finish of our elementary research of GNFC. From what we have now learn thus far, we will be able to conclude that it’s been a big beneficiary of the chemical compounds sector growth. For a debt-free inventory, with prime go back ratios, it turns into crucial to grasp what lies forward of the inventory.

The reserves of the corporate stand bloated with nil capital expenditure and coffee dividend payout. To your opinion, how will the control of GNFC spend all its profits? Will it pay upper dividends, gain different firms or spend money on its industry? Going ahead, how the profits are being spent and their quantity expansion must be one thing buyers should be careful for. What’s your point of view on GNFC? How about you tell us within the feedback under?

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