Munich – Bavaria’s capital since 1506 – is a metropolis with layers and layers of historical past. Its a few years as a emerging architectural epicenter have left a captivating and distinctive mixture of structures. From Heart Age church buildings and cathedrals to fresh synagogues. From skyscrapers to small pavilions. Brutalism to Artwork Nouveau. Munich’s structure is in reality intensive and marvelous.
Despite the fact that no longer acknowledging Munich’s beer wonders could be mistaken, the one point out of this substance could be within the surprising structures (like the brand new Paulaner HQ via Hierl Architekten) that comprise them. Sure, different facets of town are grandiose, however let’s focal point on Munich’s best enchantment: its structure.
Please in finding the map containing all places on the finish of this newsletter.
1- Juristische Bibliothek
Architect: Georg von Hauberrisser
Location: Marienplatz 8, 80331 München (Google)
12 months: 1906
Of all Munich’s websites, no different represents town’s spirit just like the Neues Rathaus. Positioned on the very center of Marienplatz, it has turn into one of the vital well-known structures in Munich. However you’ll have to pass within to seek out the real gem of the advanced: The Juristische Bibliothek via Georg von Hauberrisser. Hidden away within the New The town Corridor, the Criminal Library is likely one of the maximum surprising libraries on this planet, and one among Munich’s best-kept secrets and techniques. The Juristische Bibliothek is a gorgeous artwork nouveau library decked out with wrought-iron spiral staircases and a couple of tales of colourful books popping from the cabinets – a pride to discuss with. It’s open to the general public, however no longer truly for sightseeing. If you wish to come learn or discover the collections, usual Munich library regulations practice (leaving your stuff in lockers out of doors), however if you wish to come for pictures and sightseeing, you should achieve this via a guided excursion of the Rathaus. Learn extra right here.
2- Museum Brandhorst
Architect: Sauerbruch Hutton
Location: Theresienstraße 35a, 80333 München (Google)
12 months: 2009
In spite of its smaller scale compared to the opposite museums within the house, Museum Brandhorst is likely one of the maximum fascinating. The constructing is composed of a protracted quantity that strains the road and a taller person who marks the northeastern nook of Munich’s museum quarter. Those are each clad in textured and polychromatically handled pores and skin, whose gradations in hue and tone give the constructing the semblance of 3 easy interlocking volumes. Embodying the primary of kinetic polychromy, this lends the constructing a dynamic look with numerous gradations between a clean – nearly dematerialized – affect when observed from afar and one among a third-dimensional woven construction from shut proximity. The Brandhorst Museum homes a considerable non-public selection of past due Twentieth-century and fresh artwork, predominantly art work. Like an infinite summary portray, the façade communicates the spirit of the museum as a spot the place artwork comes alive. Learn extra right here.
3- U-Bahn stations – Westfriedhof
Most likely essentially the most dramatic of Munich’s U-Bahn community of underground railways, Westfriedhof seems extra like a surreal portray of Magritte than a station. The Munich U-Bahn began working in 1971, and Rolf Schirmer (a member of the subway making plans council) wrote that the designs are supposed to ‘make a passenger’s wait extra delightful, one thing that can’t in most cases be mentioned of subterranean, most commonly artificially lit, areas.’ The lights idea was once created via the clothier Ingo Maurer, who additionally supplied the lights on the Münchner Freiheit teach station, amongst different constructions. There are 11 lamps at this station, which measure about 3.6 meters (12 toes) in diameter. They divide the platform with swaths of blue, pink, and yellow mild. Different surprising stations you shouldn’t pass over come with Marienplatz Station via Alexander von Branca, Dülferstraße via Ricarda Dietz, and Candidplatz via Sabine Koschier. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Leo von Klenze
Location: Residenzstraße 1, 80333 München (Google)
12 months: 1568
The Munich Place of dwelling was once in the beginning constructed because the seat of presidency and place of abode of Bavarian dukes, electors, and kings from 1508 to 1918. What started in 1385 as a fortress within the northeastern nook of town (the Neuveste, or new fort), was once remodeled via the rulers over the centuries into a powerful palace. The Antiquarium – the oldest room at Residenz – was once in-built 1568 to deal with the ducal Number of Classical Antiquities and Library. One of the vital busts and different sculptures now displayed at the longitudinal partitions are from Duke Albrecht V’s assortment and the lunettes and the window unearths are embellished with 102 perspectives of cities, markets, and palaces in what was once then the Duchy of Bavaria. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Sculptor Egid Quirin Asam and painter Cosmas Damian Asam
Location: Sendlinger Str. 32, 80331 München (Google)
12 months: 1746
No architect will have to pass over Asamkirche, a Baroque church that was once constructed for personal use. Two brothers – Egid Quirin Asam and Cosmas Damian Asam – designed this church on a small plot of land of simply 22×8 meters. The church was once no longer commissioned however constructed as a non-public chapel for the larger glory of God and the salvation of the developers. This additionally allowed the Asam brothers to construct in step with their concepts as unbiased contractors. As an example, Egid Quirin Asam may just see the altar via a window of his non-public area subsequent to the church (Asamhaus). The Baroque façade is built-in into the homes of the Sendlingerstraße and swings quite convex outward. Much more astonishing is the artistry of the 2 developers, who have been in a position to harmoniously unite within the two-story house structure, portray, and sculpture. Learn extra right here.
6- Never-ending Staircase
Architect: Olafur Eliasson
Location: Ganghoferstraße 29A, 80339 München (Google)
12 months: 2004
Hidden within the courtyard of an place of business constructing in Schwanthalerhöhe, you’re going to discover a distinctive sculpture via Olafur Eliasson. The never-ending staircase is known as Umschreibung which is the German phrase for ‘circumscription’ or ‘periphrasis’. The sculpture was once completed in 2004 within the headquarters of the KPMG agree with. In line with the artist, it’s meant to create ‘motion with out vacation spot, an area outlined via movement somewhat than partitions’. There are not any opening hours – it’s a freely out there courtyard. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Karl Helmut Bayer
Location: Fritz-Meyer-Weg 55, 81925 München (Google)
12 months: 1974
This mighty residential constructing is popularly referred to as ‘Pharaoh’ or ‘Pharaoh Space’ on account of its form. The pyramid-shaped terraced residential construction is composed of 3 right-angled wings containing over 400 residences. The southwest wing has eighteen, the northeast fourteen, and the northwest ten flooring. An intensive low-rise constructing with a shopping mall and a number of other eating places prolong to the southeast. Unsurprisingly, it has continuously been the backdrop for TV crime novels. Even supposing the standard of lifestyles within the residences, maximum of that have huge balconies and terraces, is excellent, the residential advanced was once a significant drug trafficking heart within the Nineties and nonetheless does no longer have an excellent popularity in Munich. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Allmann Sattler Wappner
Location: Lachnerstraße 8, 80639 München (Google)
12 months: 2000
Herz Jesu Kirche (Church of the Sacred Center) in Munich is one among a number of fresh church buildings that have been in-built Germany to mark the flip of the millennium. During the last 15-plus years, this church has turn into probably the most metropolis’s landmarks and a globally known icon of ecclesiastical structure. The limits between internal and external aren’t definitively prescribed, however somewhat selected in line with the placement to hand. The church gifts itself as a field within a field– the internal field clad in vertical maple louvers and the outside field encased in glass. Nonetheless, the actual particular characteristic is the entrance, which is totally opened hydraulically. The portal measures 14 meters (46 toes) top, 18 meters (59 toes) vast, and weighs 50 heaps, making it a number of the biggest on this planet. Learn extra right here.
9- Munich Olympic Stadium
Architect: Günther Behnisch and Frei Otto
Location: Olympiapark München, Spiridon-Louis-Ring 25, 80809 München (Google)
12 months: 1972
The Munich Olympic Park is located within the house of town referred to as ‘Oberwiesenfeld’ (‘Prime Meadow Nation’ or ‘Mountain of Particles’) on account of its use as an army floor all the way through the 2d International Conflict and its next relief to a mountain of particles. The architects Günther Behnisch and Frei Otto have been accountable for designing and constructing the stadium that will host the Olympic Video games in Munich in 1972, the second one time Germany was once the host. They raised a light-weight construction the place tensions are nullified via a device of helps and cables, pioneering the usage of mathematical calculations according to computational procedures to resolve the form and behaviour of the skin of the quilt. Otto and Behnisch voltage conceptualized a construction that regularly flows alongside the web site mimicking the draping and the rhythmic elevations of the Swiss Alps. The junction between the quite a lot of cables that make up the structural mesh is materialized via a knot of metal casting with a device the use of bolted anchors and pressure. Learn extra right here.
10- OlyDorf Bungalows
Architect: Günther Eckert and Werner Wirsing
Location: Connollystraße 3, 80809 München (Google)
12 months: 2009
Because the 1972 Olympics, scholars had been dwelling within the tower and bungalows of the previous girls’s Olympic village. From the spring of 2007, the bungalows have been partly demolished over a duration of 3 years and rebuilt monument-appropriate, since renovating the present structures don’t have been inexpensive. Of the previous bungalows, 12 have been in the beginning preserved and renovated and within the autumn of 2009 scholars moved again in. The Studentenwerk München commissioned the Munich architects Günther Eckert and Werner Wirsing to the development of a scholar residency. Every scholar was once additionally allowed to color their area then again they prefer after they moved in and the Studentenwerk in reality will pay for the paint. Olydorf (shortened model of its previous title ‘Olympisches Dorf’ – ‘Olympic village’), is stuffed with brightly-colored, comic-book-style homes which might be nicely price a discuss with. Learn extra right here.
11- BMW Welt
Architect: Coop Himmelb(l)au
Location: Am Olympiapark 1, 80809 München (Google)
12 months: 2009
The BMW Welt is a blended exhibition, supply, journey museum, and match venue positioned in Munich’s district Am Riesenfeld, subsequent to the Olympic Park, within the quick neighborhood of the BMW Headquarters and manufacturing facility. The important thing job of the brand new BMW Welt is to ship automobiles. Within the Premiere part, the whole thing is geared in opposition to bettering the enjoy of supply. On account of the exhaust gases that this comes to, particular issues and calculations needed to be made for air flow because the Premiere is open to the Corridor, the foremost house on this global of enjoy. Past simply fine-tuning the quantity of air consumption and outflow currents, it was once essential to immediately extract the exhaust fumes and pump-in recent air. Making plans right here was once according to an assumed turnover of 40 automobiles in line with hour or 250 automobiles in line with day. Even supposing this could be the principle BMW enchantment at the moment, don’t pass over the within reach BMW Tower (the worldwide company headquarters of BMW since 1973), the museum, and the lesser-known BMW Parkhaus FIZ, additionally a well-liked spot on Instagram. Learn extra right here.
12- Allianz Area
Architect: Herzog & de Meuron
Location: Werner-Heisenberg-Allee 25, 80939 München (Google)
12 months: 2005
This ground-breaking house for 2 soccer golf equipment, Bayern Munich and TSV 1860 was once additionally the venue for the outlet recreation and one semifinal of the 2006 International Cup. The stadium’s atypical shape and the outside of translucent ETFE pillows make it straight away recognizable. The impact is enhanced at evening via particular lights that permits the colour of the façade to modify to compare the colours of the house staff enjoying that evening. Its façade is composed of the most important membrane shell on this planet. It’s about 35 meters top and has an out of doors floor house of 29,000 m². It is usually one of the vital surprising examples of Biomorphic structure. Learn extra right here.
13- Bayerische Staatskanzlei
Architect: Ludwig Mellinger (1905) and Diethard J. Siegert & Reto Gansser (1993)
Location: Franz-Josef-Strauß-Ring 1, 80539 München (Google)
12 months: 1993
One strangely public house that just about stays a non-public key’s the Bayerische Staatskanzlei – The Bavarian State Chancellery. It was once erected from 1989 to 1993 across the central dome of the previous Bavarian Military Museum, which were in-built 1905 on the web site of the Hofgartenkaserne barracks and was once demolished in International Conflict II. The museum then was once moved to the New Citadel in Ingolstadt. On the subject of Leo von Klenze’s neighboring Festsaalbau of the Munich Residenz, the brand new constructing of the Bavarian Military Museum was once additionally influenced via the Italian Prime Renaissance structure however displays the monumentalization of the past due Historicism. The remnants of a few Renaissance arcades of the Hofgarten within the north have been built-in into the construction and the unique house beneath the dome was the central house of the constructing. Learn extra right here.
14- Alte Pinakothek
Architect: Leo von Klenze and Hans Döllgast
Location: Barer Str. 27, 80333 München (Google)
12 months: 1836
The image-perfect staircases on the Alte Pinakothek are a not unusual depiction in Munich postcards. However their tale is going past the aesthetics. King Ludwig I of Bavaria was once a passionate artwork collector. Round 1820, he determined to make his treasures out there to the general public and commissioned his courtroom architect Leo von Klenze to design a worthy artwork gallery. The Alte Pinakothek was once the most important museum on this planet on the time of its of entirety; structurally and conceptually well-advanced throughout the handy lodging of skylights for the galleries – one thing uncommon on the time. The museum constructing was once seriously broken via bombing in International Conflict II however was once reconstructed and reopened once more to the general public in 1957. Director Ernst Buckner oversaw the rebuilding challenge, making sure that the constructing remained true to its authentic structure. The ornate, pre-war internal, together with the massive loggia dealing with the south façade at the higher ground, was once no longer restored. Outdated and new can ideally suited be favored from the out of doors. Learn extra right here.
15- Müller’sches Volksbad (Hallenbad)
Architect: Carl Hocheder
Location: Rosenheimer Str. 1, 81667 München (Google)
12 months: 1901
The Müllersches Volksbad was once finished in 1901. On the time of its of entirety, the Neo-Baroque Artwork Nouveau constructing was once the most important and most costly swimming pool on this planet – and town’s first public indoor pool. The development is going again to a donation via engineer Karl Müller to town of Munich, blended with the requirement to construct a tub for the “deficient other folks”. With its structure and internal design, the tub was one of the vital stunning bathhouses in Europe. Carl Hocheder took inspiration within the design of a lot of fashions: Roman thermal baths in addition to sacred structures, hammams, and mosques, all held in combination via fresh Artwork Nouveau parts. The wealthy Baroque decorations within come with vast staircases main down into the swimming pools, work of art with marine motifs, stucco paintings, a bronze statue in the principle pool, ornate iron railings, and wood parapets, in addition to intricately designed clocks. Learn extra right here.
16- Sudetendeutsches Museum
Architect: pmp architekten
Location: Hochstraße 10, 81669 München (Google)
12 months: 2020
This Neo-Brutalist constructing opened simply prior to the pandemic, which means it’s one among Munich’s latest architectural secrets and techniques. When seen from the road, the museum follows the construction of the present structures and selections up their eaves and ridge heights. According to the terrain, the constructing develops right into a looser construction because it stretches down the hillside, and it opens up in opposition to the golf green hillside with a five-story incision that spans all the top of the constructing. The brand new construct is cladded with herbal stones and most commonly seems enclosed and monolithic. The herbal stones at the vertical surfaces had been handled via hand and feature a coarse end. The Sudeten German Museum is the central museum of the German-speaking inhabitants within the Bohemian lands. The everlasting exhibition spans greater than 1,100 years of the historical past of the area, its artwork, and its tradition, and its nicely price a discuss with. Learn extra right here.
17- Ohel Jakob Synagogue
Architect: Rena Wandel-Hoefer and Wolfgang Lorch
Location: Sankt-Jakobs-Platz 18, 80331 München (Google)
12 months: 2006
The brand new Ohel Jakob Synagogue (from the Hebrew for ‘Jacob’s Tent’) was once formally inaugurated on the Jüdisches Zentrum in November 2006. It intended that, in any case, Munich’s Jewish group had a major synagogue as soon as once more following the destruction all the way through 1938’s Pogromnacht (often referred to as Kristallnacht, the Night time of Damaged Glass) of the previous Ohel Jakob Synagogue in Herzog-Rudolf-Straße. Munich’s Jewish group defines itself as orthodox, and is the second one biggest in Germany, numbering some 9,500 adherents. The synagogue is composed of 2 cubes, one on best of the opposite: The mighty stone base is meant to resemble the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem. Atop it sits a tumbler dice that includes interlaced Stars of David, encased in a bronze steel veil. The glass construction represents a tent, symbolizing the 40 years the Jews spent wandering the Sinai desolate tract. At the portal of the synagogue are the primary ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet, that are harking back to the Ten Commandments. Guests can get admission to the internal of the constructing by the use of the underground ‘Gang der Erinnerung’ (‘Hall of Reminiscence’), which connects the synagogue with the group heart. The partitions of the 32-meter passage endure the names of four,500 Munich Jews who have been murdered beneath the Nazi regime. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Joseph Effner
Location: Schloß Nymphenburg 1, 80638 München (Google)
12 months: 1719
The Pagodenburg is a major instance of eighteenth-century chinoiserie which was once very a lot in style on the time. This small construction was once constructed between 1716 and 1719 via Joseph Effner at a fee from Elector Max Emanuel. Sited north of the principle canal, it respects the unique plan of the park. To the south of the little palace lies a lawn parterre, and to the north a inexperienced the place the ‘Mailspiel’, a recreation very similar to golfing, was once performed. At the floor ground, the colours blue and white predominate which, along side the unique parts of the in part decorative, in part figural ceiling portray and the Dutch tiles, allude to China and porcelain manufacturing. The higher ground contains very small however cleverly designed rooms. The Chinese language Drawing Room with Chinese language wallpaper and black-grounded lacquer portray seems unique due to its colour scheme. The Chinese language Cupboard, against this, has red-based lacquer paintings. In spite of its Eu Regency-style ornament, the Boudoir additionally has an unique air because of its peculiar form. The rooms have been furnished via Johann Anton Gumpp and Johann Adam Pichler. Learn extra right here.
19- Heavy Riders Theatre
Architect: Mahlknecht Herrle
Location: Dachauer Str. 114, 80636 München (Google)
12 months: 2021
Within the inventive quarter of Munich – a transitional house at the web site of the former Luitpold barracks – a brand new cultural constructing of a different sort has arisen. The architect company Mahlknecht Herrle created an authentic, transient occasions location for dance, theatre, and song that draws consideration with its extraordinarily hanging facade in vintage sheet piling. The brand new constructing replaces the former venue for 3 loose cultural establishments that was once in critical want of renovation. For inventive cooperation, a constructing was once wanted which may be carried out within the shortest imaginable time and simply taken down once more after its duration of use. The sheet piling used, which is usually set into the floor to safe constructing excavations, can merely be taken out once more and transported to a brand new location to be reused when the constructing is dismantled. Its uncooked, untreated, rusty iron floor with the everyday corrugated, building-site glance is preferably suited for the provisional persona of the inventive quarter, which is characterised via workshops and studios, choice artwork, and quite a lot of particular person projects of native promoters of tradition. Learn extra right here.
Architect: MVRDV + N-V-O Architekten
Location: Speicherstraße 20, 81671 München (Google)
12 months: 2019
Forming the nucleus of the Werksviertel-Mitte district (an city regeneration plan on a former business web site), WERK12 stands proud with its daring and expressive artwork façade that includes five-meter-tall verbal expressions present in German comics. The design of WERK12 combines a easy shape, fair fabrics, and clear façades. Customers can transfer across the constructing in a couple of techniques: the design’s exterior flow core at the constructing’s northeastern aspect is supplemented via 3.25-meter-wide terraces that encompass each and every ground of the constructing. Those are attached via exterior staircases curling across the constructing to glue those beneficiant open areas – a playful connection with one among MVRDV’s most renowned early tasks: the Dutch Pavilion on the Expo2000 in Hanover. This public path up the constructing blurs the consideration between internal and external, striking the internal areas in dialog with external balconies. Those are moreover completed in the similar subject matter because the ground-level sidewalks to emphasise their standing as a part of the general public house of the constructing. Learn extra right here.
21- Pinakothek der Moderne
Architect: Stephan Braunfels
Location: Barer Str. 40, 80333 München (Google)
12 months: 2002
The Pinakothek der Moderne, constructed via debatable architect Stephan Braunfels, is likely one of the biggest museums for contemporary and fresh artwork, structure, and design in Europe. 4 utterly unbiased collections provide themselves beneath one roof: the Architekturmuseum of the Technical College of Munich, the Neue Sammlung – The Design Museum Munich, the Sammlung Moderne Kunst, and the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung. The primary ground, containing the artwork assortment, has abundant herbal mild from above, augmented via computer-controlled lamps, designed to stay a constant, just about shadowless illumination in opposition to the grey flooring and white partitions. The constructing took a decade to complete on account of bureaucratic objections to design and value, that have been in the end bridged via non-public initiative and financing. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Leo von Klenze
Location: Königsplatz 3, 80333 München (Google)
12 months: 1830
The poetic Glyptothek is any other must-see within the Kunstareal, Munich’s gallery and museum quarter. The constructing, commissioned via the crown prince (later king) Ludwig of Bavaria and designed within the Neoclassical genre via Leo von Klenze, was once erected in 1830. Lots of the core assortment was once got via Ludwig. It contains Greek sculptures from the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic classes in addition to Roman sculptures from the Imperial technology. Notable items come with the Barberini Faun (c. 220 BCE) and the pediment sculptures (c. 500 BCE) from the Temple of Aphaia in Aegina, Greece. The Glyptothek was once broken all the way through International Conflict II, however it was once restored and reopened in 1972. It once more underwent intensive renovations between 2018 and 2021. Learn extra right here.
Architect: Tillich Architektur
Location: Lindberghstraße 7, 80939 München (Google)
12 months: 2016
One of the vital random location at the listing is that this concrete jewel of a constructing. The construction finished in 2016 works as a manufacturing and place of business house for an organization within the textile trade. The defining part: the folded facade, whose geometry creates a feature interaction of sunshine and shadow. The sleek, matt-shiny surfaces of the coloured concrete at all times react anew to the time of day and yr, the elements, and the occurrence of sunshine. The facade is now and again modeled extra strongly via the sunshine, then, much less so once more. Because of the uncovered location on a nook plot, this particular characteristic may also be skilled from a number of aspects, and the collection and exact becoming a member of of the weather may also be understood. The restriction to a couple of, high quality and surface-true fabrics continues within. The ground is fabricated from a cultured, seamless screed, the window profiles are fabricated from larch picket, and the door and window handles are fabricated from extremely polished stainless-steel with hid hinges. Learn extra right here.
24- Sankt Josef Church
Architect: Eberhard Wimmer
Location: Pfarrweg 4, 83607 Holzkirchen (Google)
12 months: 2018
Despite the fact that technically no longer in Munich, Sankt Josef Church is close to sufficient so that you can discuss with. This Catholic church in Holzkirchen, Higher Bavaria, was once finished in 2018 to a design via Munich architect Eberhard Wimmer. Declining numbers at services and products, church buildings ultimate as a result of repairs is simply too dear or a scandal has shaken the media, there are lots of explanation why church communities are reluctant to take a position. Maximum tasks are refurbishments and restorations. The brand new development of the Sankt Joseph church in Holzkirchen is subsequently outstanding in numerous respects. Within the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising, it’s the first newly consecrated church in ten years. And Sankt Josef was once constructed totally of picket. The brand new church heart is composed of a mighty spherical church with a small chapel and the church tower of the former constructing. The church and chapel have been designed as oval cones of various sizes, tilted quite backward. The elliptical ground plan with 32 other axes and angular deviations posed a lot of demanding situations for planners and architects, as no standardized formwork and sound gauges may well be used. Each cones are capped, the bigger at 22 meters, and the smaller at 11 meters. Considered in cross-section, they take in the curves of the Alpine landscape at the one hand and on the similar time put across an archaic-organic affect. Learn extra right here.